The right choice of technology stack and architecture is crucial for the success of web applications. With the advent of new web apps, users have more options. They abandon old desktop apps for new web apps.
There are plenty of advantages of web apps. Firstly, no installation and registry trashing required, which saves time. Secondly, users don’t have to update constantly from any device. If you are planning to undertake web application development, you must learn more about the single-page application and multi-page application.
Single-page Application (SPA)
SPAs are web-based applications that download data when users click on the page for the first time. It does not trouble the user. Once the app is opened, it would not reload with every click. If you were a Facebook user, you would know how this works.
Remember those days when clicking on a single picture on Facebook led to a page reload. What a mess! Similarly, page reload is a problem with Twitter too.
However, today things are different. Twitter and Facebook are now a hybrid solution between single-page application and multi-page application (MPA).
Single-page applications such as Vuejs, Angularjs, Reactjs, and Emberjs have done wonders.
There are several other apps using SPAs, such as Google Drive, Gmail, Twitter, and Facebook.
1. Speed and Response Time: Whenever you click on a tab, SPAs do not load the entire content. Rather, it takes a particular request data to the service and acts. The server can load various resources like scripts, CSS, and HTML at the same time. On the contrary, multi-page applications load the entire page, even the footer.
Speed is an important factor in enhancing the overall user experience. It ensures you have more users. Approximately 47% of users expect web applications to load within two seconds. Performance and response time matter. With SPAs, you have both.
2. Mobile-friendly: The majority of online traffic comes from mobile users. SPAs pattern shares a similar interest. Frameworks used for SPA development help you to create mobile apps and simplifies the reuse of codes. All you need is to adjust the layout of UI to match the mobile device, and voila! With an MPA, the developer has to adjust or even rewrite the entire code to achieve the desired result.
3. Makes A Website Engaging and Unique: Single-page applications are attractive. It provides a linear experience to users. It is unique because it has that WOW factor to make your website stand out in this highly competitive marketplace.
These applications also have excellent scrolling features to ensure users can navigate easily. It features parallax scrolling, which creates a transition effect on applications.
4. Better Conversions: Of course, you want to monetize and generate leads through the website. With the single-page application, its user-friendliness and simplicity, you can do it better. Web pages with less loading time ensure better conversion.
1. Poor SEO: SEO is the single major disadvantage of a single-page application. It is better to have a single web app with steady content and separate pages. However, it is not a major problem for a proficient web application development team.
Search engines rank different web pages, not websites. However, with SPAs, it may not be possible to rank separate pages like traditional websites.
2. Security Issues: Cross-site scripting is another major problem area due to security problems. In such cases, attackers try to take advantage of the vulnerabilities of a site and client site code. With this, attackers can deliver a malicious script to the browser. However, the problem is manageable. Also, owing to its dynamic nature it is very difficult to perform automatic testing of the application.
3. Scalability: Single-page application is not scalable. Load time increases the instant more content is added to the page.
4. Browser History: A single-page application does not save jumping stages. The back button leads users to the previous page instead of the previous stage of the SPA.
Confused between SPA and MPA? Let us help you out. Get in touch with us today!
Multi-page Applications (MPAs)
MPAs are web applications having multiple pages. These apps load the pages every time user click on various links. Such apps are in fact separately developed pages that combine to form a website. You may find innumerable links to such websites, taking you to different pages.
MPAs require a data transfer from the server to the browser and also require multiple UI design layers as it collates different pages.
Examples of multi-page applications are eCommerce websites, forums, blogs, and similar services. Amazon and eBay are the leading examples.
1. SEO-friendly: The best way is to apply multi-page application. Mobile and web application development enterprises desire for their service page on the first page of a search engine. So, they have separate service pages, and they try to rank the pages through SEO. SPAs cannot do that. Undoubtedly, MPAs are the best choice for this.
2. Scalability: Multi-page application have multiple pages. You can add as many pages to a website as you want. You can also add new pages for a new product without any limitations.
3. Easy to Analyze: MPAs allow easy integration with Google Analytics. It is necessary for valuable information about your visitors coming to the page. That way, you would know which page is a better performer and what your visitors like on the website. Analyzing this, you can move ahead to make many new changes to the website and different fields that need improvement.
1. Slower: Unlike single-page apps, multi-page apps are slower. It reloads every time users click on a tab. Resources such as CSS, HTML, and Script refreshes when there is an action. As a result, speed and performance are affected.
2. It Takes More Time to Develop: Coders start coding right from scratch for frontend as well as backend. Moreover, there may be some difficulties in frontend and backend separation. Programmers should utilize frameworks too. Hence, it takes more time to develop.
3. Security and Maintenance: It is difficult to maintain and update a website constantly. It also becomes difficult, as the website looks clumsy. Developers have to ensure that every page is secure, which is challenging. Hence, it is a cumbersome process.
SPAs are the path ahead in the situation that your enterprise wishes to promote a specific product or service. On the flip side, MPAs are suitable if you are promoting business with multiple products and services, such as eBay or Amazon. If you wish to build and SPA or an MPA, Get in touch with Radixweb, a market leader in web application development that can help you make a decision between SPAs and MPAs.